Urban planner Karen Wright takes a critical look at the relationship between increased housing density and built-form energy use.
Increased urban density is promoted as a means to reduce energy consumption and thus greenhouse gas emissions. Wright contends the relationship between high-density housing and low energy use is not automatic. And while urban consolidation can lead to lower transport energy use, research shows that planners, designers and policy makers may not have sufficiently taken into account built-form energy use.
Keywords: urban planning, planning, housing density, density, cities, urban consolidation, residential developments, housing, transportation, transport, operational energy, building form, life-cycle energy, households, medium density, low density, high density, carbon emissions